Apple varieties which are grown in large volume com- mercially usually ripen late, after mid-September. The Puritan is a soft and somewhat tart apple mainly used for eating and cooking. Cortlands are moderately firm, crisp, and sweet good for eating, drying, freezing, salads, baking and cider. Mr.xEirrset was formerly a pomologist at the Geneva Station. Cold Hardiness: Very Cold Hardy Ripens late August to early September. Skin color is 60 to 95 per cent red with distinctly splashed striping. Early harvest – Early 1800s, US (likely). Although ripens in early mid-season, it is an excellent commercial type. Redcort apples originated in Malboro, New York. X: X. The Spencer is a The Julyred originated in New Brunswick, New Jersey and was introduced in 1962. Cortland is the product of a cross between McIntosh and Ben Davis, an heirloom apple from Virginia dating back to the early 1800s. Description. Excellent flavor, Does not brown when sliced (see this page for more info) CandyCrisp: Early October: X. X. good. The name, 'Early Cortland', was chosen by a group of 10 Geneva pomologists. Perhaps you already have a privacy fence, but it looks too bare, and you’d like to dress it up. In cold bloom seasons, it will usually set good crops, even when honeybee flight is poor. But what about the best pie apples? or eating and cooking. The Cortland Apple Tree is ready for harvest between September and October, just in time for a warm apple pie on a cool, crisp fall day. August it is the first apple off the trees at Rowe's. The Macoun is a popular eating apple. Additional information. In view of the fact that this variety has already been marketed under this name, it is an appropriate choice. The tree is vigorous, upright and very susceptible to apple scab. Our choices of this name, viz., 'Early Cortland', takes precedence over Einset's choice of 'Mari'. And I'll confess ahead of time that my favorite apple is any of the brown-green russets — Golden Russet, Roxbury Russet, et al. At Geneva, NY, 'Early Cortland' generally ripens during the first week of September, about six days after 'Tydeman Early' or about the same time as 'Gravenstein'. Cancel, The minimum purchase order quantity for the product is 1. Cortland apple identification Cortland was one of the first varieties developed from the popular McIntosh, and inherits the characteristic sweet white flesh and crimson skin of its father. Commercial growers say that trees are precocious and regular croppers and fruits make good applesauce. Cortland X lodi, early ripening cortland type. Spencers are firm and crisp with Jerseymacs are moderately firm and sweet-tart. It's also not as sweet as regular Cortland. Developed from McIntosh, Cortland is one of the most widely-grown Mac-style apples. between the July Red and the NH 24. A cross between the Golden Delicious and Albermarle Pippin, this early-season variety is best served fresh. It was first distributed in 1915. Spencer apples originated in Summerland, British Columbia and were introduced in 1959. Stores well for an early apple. 'Early Cortland' has no known resistances to apple diseases or insects. An apple of unknown southern origin, resembling Early Harvest and frequently mistaken for this variety, but with an earlier ripening time than Early Harvest. Cousineau. Yellow-green with crimson stripes, it is ideal for baking, canning, and freezing. Therefore, a full schedule of chemical sprays will be needed. In 1969, 'Early Cortland' was tested by Olaf Einset, Lofthus, Norway. The Quinti was introduced in 1964 in Ottawa, Ontario. Excerpt from the New York’s Food and Life Sciences Bulletin: 'Early Cortland' originated from the controlled cross- pollination, 'Cortland' x 'Lodi', made in 1938. Visit the farm August to October or shop online all year! , 1982, 'EARLY CORTLAND' AND 'GENEVA EARLY' APPLES: New York's Food and Life Sciences Bulletin, no. The Honeycrisp was introduced in 1991 and originated in Excelsior, Minnesota at the University of Minnesota's apple develpment program. Being a tip bearer, growth habit is similar to that of Rome Beauty. and somewhat firm with a mainly sweet taste. The Golden Waddell Apple Farm and Bakery, farming in Kingston Ontario since 2003. Beginning about 1970, several hundred bushels of N.Y. 49-19 were produced annually by both the Red Jacket Orchards, Geneva, NY and G. Field Orchards, LaFayette, NY. The Honeycrisp is Rowe Orchard's currently has 14 varieties of apples in production. “The flavor is tart and tangy,” he writes, “but not emphatically so, and juicy. 'Early Cortland' fruits are large, generally 3 to 3 112 inches in diameter. Deep red over yellow. Good all-purpose apple. https://ecommons.cornell.edu/bitstream/handle/1813/5107/FLS-099.pdf;sequence=1, Submit Cortland is a typical McIntosh style apple variety, and ranks about 12th in terms of US apple production. Commercial and home garden growers purchased trees to test it. 'Early Cortland' has been used effectively as a pollen parent in controlled hybridizations, which proves that it has good, viable pollen. Dwarf varieties of the apple can serve as the “clothing,” trained along your fence in an art form known as espalier. However nearly all that production takes place in New York State, almost within sight of Cornell University where it was developed in 1898 and introduced in 1915. Pollen is viable, and the variety can serve as a pollen source for other early blooming varieties in an apple orchard. Early September to Late September Sweet Old Fashion Apple All-Purpose Jonathan Early September to Mid November Tart All-Purpose Popular for Pies Cortland Early September to Late October Tart All-Purpose Recommended for Cooking Cooks Soft Must Refrigerate Red Delicious new varieties planted recently which are not yet being harvested. It’s likely made with Cortland, New York’s very best salad apple. McIntosh apples are crisp Fruit similar to Cortland, but tarter. Fall harvest – All purpose fall apple. Early McIntosh apples were introduced in 1923 and originated in Geneva, New York. It is somewhat less pleasant to eat out of hand than 'Cortland' because it is more tart and it has less of the desirable aromatic flavors. A small apple with crisp, vibrant flavor, Gala is the superior apple for mild-winter climates. Trees can be propagated on the full range of size- controlling rootstocks to achieve the desired tree size. Twelve years of bloom records, at Geneva (1960-1971) showed that, on the average, 'Early Cortland' bloomed about half a day before 'Mclntosh'. According to Emily, the sweetly tart Cortland is the most versatile apple on the orchard. This STANDARD variety is ripe in late September, or early October. The Cortland is a cross We also harvest the popular (for eating) Macoun. Honeycrisps are very crisp and sweet apples great for eating. NY 1930s. a very sweet flavor. Tree a vigorous grower. There have also been 5 The Jewseymac is a cross Cortland Picture a fresh fruit cup featuring beautiful, snow-white apples. Cortland apples originated in Geneva, New York and were introduced in 1915. Pick-Your-Own apples and pumpkins. Cortland is a cultivar of apple developed at the New York State Agricultural Experiment Station in Geneva, New York, United States in 1898. It is among the fifteen most popular in the United States and Canada. Ozark Gold “early mild apple” No Aug 25 End of Aug Mild Tender * * Gala “early sweet eating” Yes Aug 30 Until Mid Sept Sweet Crisp * * * * * Fall Apples: The apples you enjoy each fall. Paulareds are very firm and tart, good for Remove this product from my favorite's list. The county seat is Cortland. Share Nevertheless, it is very pleasing to eat out of hand after it has fully ripened. Licorice tones. Apples are low in calories and free of fat, sodium and cholesterol. Weight: 1.5 lbs: Common Name: Apple. Redcorts are a limb mutation of the popular Cortland apple. cider and sauce. Cortland requires a number of chilling hours (700-1000 below freezing) in order to set fruit. The Cortland apple resulted from a breeding program at the New York Agricultural Experiment Station. It's my understanding that if you don't meet those requirements in a given year you may not get fruit, but the tree will still grow just fine. Vintage farm store with fresh apples, homemade preserves and gifts. They're not necessarily the same. Yield records of individual trees over a decade show that there is a slight tendency for some trees to crop somewhat biennially, though biennial cropping is much less of a problem than it is with its parent, 'Lodi'. However, in an apple cultivar evalua- tion orchard where fire blight has been especially severe on other varieties, trees of 'Early Cortland' have suffered very little blight infection. In Norway, he was so favorably im- pressed with the variety that he gave it a name of his own choosing, 'Mari', and encouraged Norwegian growers to try it. 99, p. 1–3. Way, R.D., Livermore, K.G., Aldwinckle, H.S. There have been few late frosts in the main apple growing regions, rain and temperatures have been good, so the year is shaping up well for a good apple crop. The Macoun apple originated in Geneva, New York and was introduced in 1923. Nursery trees of N.Y. 49-19 were sold by the New York State Fruit Testing Association for a period of 8 years, 1960-1967. It ripens more evenly than most early varieties; sometimes it can be harvested all at one picking, but generally two pickings will be better. Fruit medium-sized, roundish, with thin pale yellow or greenish-yellow skin. The Honeycrisp apple was thought to be a cross between the Macoun and the Honeygold, but genetic testing has shown the Keepsake apple to be the only identified parent. Apple Varieties Guide by Harvest Date - Which Apple to Pick and Why! The Cortland apple was developed in 1898 by Professor S.A. Beach at Cornell University’s New York State Agricultural Experiment Station in Geneva, New York. Cancel. With a harvest date in mid Early October: Yes: Jonathan: Tart, crisp, and juicy. The fruit will store for 6 to 8 weeks. The flesh is whitish cream colored and semifirm in texture. Empire Apple X. Cortland ripen in late September or early October. The Julyred is a soft and sweet apple good for eating. Puritan apples originated in Amherst, Massachusetts and were introduced in 1953. Macouns are a cross Ripens in early September. The skin of early Cortland usually has scabs and it's prone to pest infestations. Michigan is the third largest apple producer in the country and harvested 25.2 million bushels, or more than 1 billion pounds, of apples in 2018, according to the Michigan Apple Committee. Fifteen- year-old trees on Malling-Merton 106 rootstocks often produce 10 bushels or more of fruit, annually. Slightly tart, flesh discolors slowly. or relatively new, they are excellent eating apples so try one if you haven't already. This sweet-spicy apple has a succulent texture and rich taste. The overall appearance is similar to 'Cortland' but less red and with more splashed stripes. @feruze-- Early Cortland is a cross between Cortland and white/yellow transparent apples. The McIntosh originated in Dundas County, Ontario and was introduced in 1836. However Cortland is a noticeably larger apple and in a good season the flavour can have a more robust yet perfumed quality. eating, drying, freezing, salads, baking and cider. Fruit is a beautiful red, very large, with pure white flesh. Gala. This is one of the special attributes of this new variety. Cortlands are moderately firm, crisp, and sweet good for The Cortland is a cross between the Ben Davis and the McIntosh apples. Its mildly tart flavor definitely gets the Michigan autumn apple harvest off to an exciting start. The Paulared apple was introduced in 1967 in Sparta, Michigan. baking. Commercial growers report that the flowers of 'Early Cortland' are hardier and more frost resis- tant than those of 'Empire'. A row of apple trees can act as an attractive privacy screen all summer and fall, while fully leafed out. The apple was named after nearby Cortland County, New York. REDFREE— This beautiful red apple is sweet and especially firm. Northern Spy is a classic pie apple, popular in New England and New York since the early 1800s. ever classic Mac and Cortland apples. Golden Delicious apples originated in West Creek, Virginia and were intoduced in 1916. In flavor and texture and firmness Redcort is proving to be a highly desirable apple. Note: Much of the information for this page came from "Our Apples" by Shahrokh Khanizadeh and Johanne Much of Cortland’s distinctive flavor comes from McIntosh, while its crisp texture, red skin with green striping, and large size are characteristic of Ben Davis. Tweet Red Delicious apples have thick skins with a crisp center and sweet flavor. X. X. X : Cortland. Storage life tests at 31 F. in a high relative humidity were conducted for 7 years (1962- 1968). between the McIntosh and the Jersy Black apple. The Cortland Apple Tree requires 800-1,000 chill hours and will serve as a good pollinator for Red Gravenstein, McIntosh, and Honeycrisp apples. The Redcort is a crisp, sweet apple good for eating. Cortland apples originated in Geneva, New York and were introduced in 1915. You've probably identified your favorite eating apple. Yellow summer apple. 'Early Cortland1 trees are very similar to 'Cortland'. Great for eating, baking, and salads. Introduced in 1999. Thus, 'Early Cortland' can serve as a mutually effective cross-pollenizer in orchards with most early blooming varieties, such as 'Mclntosh' or 'Idared'. Very good. Ellison’s orange – English early 1900s (likely earlier). But it's not as good as Cortland apples in my opinion. Both have marketed the variety under the name, 'Early Cortland'. The fact that these growers have already accepted and planted this good new variety is one of the reasons we are introducing it. Cortland was developed at Cornell from a cross of Ben Davis and McIntosh made in 1898. 'Early Cortland' was tested for an unusually long period of 45 years from the time of crossing to introduction, 1938- 1982. This Department also used N.Y. 49-19 to graft onto several kinds of stocks to study rootstock effects on tree performance in commercial orchards. Quinti apples are good for eating and cooking; it is a sweet apple. and the Red Melba apple. Of the apples in production we have the 'Early Cortland' may fill a vital need in an intermediate slot between the very early and late varieties. Like 'Cortland', 'Early Cortland' fruits hang well to the tree even after they have fully ripened; no stopdrop sprays are needed. The famed Cortland apple is named for the county. Branches are more willowy than some varieties, and heavy cropping often causes trees to appear somewhat drooping. Add this product to my list of favorites. It should not be depended upon as a pollenizer for late blooming varieties, such as 'Golder Delicious' or 'Rome'. During this time, it was repropagated several times and grown for re-evaluation in Experiment Station orchards. Writer Roger Yepsen describes Cortland as a “friendly” apple in his book Apples. Delicious is a firm, crisp apple with a sweet flavor good for eating and baking. between a Yellow Transparent and a McIntosh. X. X. X. X. X. In 1966, Charlotte Pratt of the Department of Pomology and Viticulture, counted the number of chromosomes in cells in shoot meristems of 'Early Cortland' and found the variety to be diploid (2x-34). It is a good apple to accompany a sandwich.” He recommends it for pies, sauce, and cider, too.
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